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Full text of "Wearables"

Egyptian God and Goddess Masks 



.1 



Make Projects 



build, hack, tweak, share, discover. 



Egyptian God and Goddess 



Masks 



Written By: Gareth White 



TOOLS: 



Hot Glue gun & hot glue (1) 
Needle Nose Pliers (2) 
air brush (1) 



PARTS: 



• Wired) 

Many different gauges are handy for a 
project like this. 

Felt (1) 

Acrylic paint (1) 

YarnM) 

/ got the thickest yarn I could find! 

Piping Cord (1) 

Used 5 different sizes: 1". 3/4". 1/2", 1/4" 

and 1/8" 

• Sculpt Or Coat (1) 

Wire mesh (1) 

Used 2 different sizes, fine (for nose) 

and medium 

Baseball Hat (2) 
From a dollar store 

Plasticine (1) 



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Page 1 of 9 



Egyptian God and Goddess Masks 



Polymer Clav (Heat Cured) (1) 



SUMMARY 

These masks are an homage to two well-known Egyptian gods: warrior goddess Sekhmet, 
and god of the underworld, Anubis. 

The warrior goddess, Sekhmet, has the head of a lioness and a crown of gold featuring the 
cobra and the Eye of Ra (the Sun god). Sekhmet has also been known as the Lady of 
Slaughter and the Mistress of Dread. 

Anubus, also known as the god of mummification and the protector of the dead, has the head 
of a jackal. As two of the best-known Egyptian gods and goddesses, this pair seemed the 
obvious (and most recognizable) choice for our Halloween costumes this year. 

The underlying structure of the masks is wire, mounted to baseball caps. They were then 
covered with felt and airbrushed with acrylics. Sekhmet features hair of thick yarn, while 
Anubus uses fabric to cover the back of the mask and hat. 

As I am not a trained artist, the majority of the initial time was spent in trying to get the 
animal heads proportionally correct using clay models (maquettes). This will likely go more 
quickly for those with a background in art or sculpture. 

The original intent for the construction of the masks was to be decidedly more high-tech. 
However, this was not a feasible approach and ultimately I settled for a tried and true, 
although much more labor-intensive, method. 



Step 1 — Egyptian God and Goddess Masks 




• First, I used plasticine (an oil-based modelling clay) to build the maquettes. 
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Egyptian God and Goddess Masks 



Step 2 





• I then scored a grid on each maquette, and took a photo from the X, Y, and Z axes and 
scaled the photos up to the full size of the mask. This gave me a very rough guide to 
create the wireframes. 

• In the case of Sekhmet, I used toothpicks to highlight the corners of the eyes, mouth and 
nose (and to make it look more like that dude from Hellraiser). 



Step 3 





• I inscribed around the ears on the maquette so I would know where they had been, then 
cut them off and flattened them. 



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Egyptian God and Goddess Masks 



Step 4 




• To make the basic structure of the 
mask I started with hoops made 
from galvanized wire. I fixed the 
hoops vertically in holes drilled in a 
small stick of wood and kept them 
from sliding with toothpicks. 

• Then I began to hot glue aluminum 
wire mesh to the hoops to make 
the basic form of the mask using 
the maquette as a guide. 

• Hot glue does not stick well to the 
galvanized wire, so I could only 
tack it in place until the wire mesh 
had taken more shape. The wire 
mesh is much easier to glue 
together because of the large 
amount of surface area. 

• Tip: A sandwich of 2 layers 
of felt, covered on both 

sides with aluminum foil, all glued 
together with spray adhesive and 
coated with a thin layer of dish 
soap makes an ideal helper to 
flatten down layers of hot glue. The 
felt protects your hands from the 
heat, the aluminum conducts the 
heat away quickly (so the glue 
congeals faster), and the detergent 
acts as a release agent so the foil 
won't stick to the glue. 



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Egyptian God and Goddess Masks 



Step 5 




• Continuing to add more wire and mesh to complete the wireframes. 

• I added piping cord to act as the muscles around the eyes, forehead and mouth This 
allowed for fullness and the ability to tweak the final look with very little extra weight. 

• To size the ears correctly, I traced a line onto the wireframe in the same shape as the 
inscribed line on the maquette (from step 3). I then measured the length of the line and 
enlarged the photo of the ear appropriately. I printed it and used it as a pattern for creating 
the ear. 



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Egyptian God and Goddess Masks 



Step 6 




• For covering the masks with felt I 
tried two methods. 

• The first was to glue the felt to the 
wire mesh that was already glued 
on the mask. This seemed to work 
better for areas with a high rate of 
curvature. 

• The second was to glue the felt to a 
piece of wire mesh with Sculpt or 
Coat®, then cut and fit it over the 

mask. This method seemed more 
stable (the 'skin' did not dent as 
much) but worked better for flatter 
parts of the masks. 



Step 7 




• After the covering is finished, the 
wires at the bottom were cut off the 
wood stick. The wires were turned 
in so they don't stick you in the 
head :) 

• Then they were airbrushed and 
hand painted with acrylics. I used a 
cheap single-action external-mix 
airbrush, as I needed it more for 
spraying on custom colors than 
doing anything more advanced. 



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Egyptian God and Goddess Masks 



Step 8 




• Next, prototype Anubis's headdress 
on your dog. Do not skip this very 
important step! 

• The headdress material came with 
my store-bought Egyptian costume. 



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Egyptian God and Goddess Masks 



Step 9 




• I fixed the mask to a baseball cap with the brim cut off (picture not shown). Extra strands 
of wire had to be added to bond the mask to the cap. At first it didn't look like the eyes 
were at the right height, but tipping the mask down by about 45 degrees with respect to the 
cap helped a lot. 

• I added thick yarn for Sekhmet's hair. 

• The solar disc was made from foam rubber, edged with piping cord, coated with fabric and 
glued on with Sculpt or Coat®. It was painted with a mixture of Sculpt or Coat and gold- 
colored paint. 

• The cobra was built in a similar fashion, except that I used a heat-hardening clay for the 
head and 1" piping cord for the body stiffened with wire. The outline of the body was made 
with wire, covered with wire mesh, fabric and gold-colored Sculpt or Coat. 



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Egyptian God and Goddess Masks 



Step 10 




• Finished, yay! Time to party! 



This was a long, fun project. In the future I would like to redo parts of the masks (such as the 
eyes and hair), add more accessories, and design and create a more appropriate costume for 
Anubis. 



This document was last generated on 2012-11-01 07:33:12 PM. 



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